[Weekend Watch List] Democrație, muncă și ordine printre idei

[Weekend Watch List] Democrație, muncă și ordine printre idei

Lista de weekendul acesta este despre democratie. Asa ne-a apucat, brusc. Poate de la miile de invocari din feed, care o cheama, o implora, o definesc, urla in numele ei de cateva zile, urasc sau cheama oamenii la impacare. Poate de la faptul ca e nevoie sa ne reamintim de ea. Si sa ii definim mai bine conceptele. Plecam de la definitia lui Winston Chruchill, cea mai buna care s-a dat pana acum: Democratia este un sistem politic prost, cel mai bun, insa, dintre cele pe care omenirea le-a inventat pana acum”.

Trecem pe la Socrate si Pinker, ne oprim prin cateva redefiniri si istorii ale democratiei, ajungem la sistemele de votare, ideale sau improbabile, si continuam cu munca, pentru ca toate sunt legate. Despre viitorul pietei muncii, AI, roboti si cum se pot pregati oamenii, despre societate si parghiile prin care poate evolua ea. 


Is There Something Wrong With Democracy? | NYT The Interpreter

For years, the number of democracies in the world had been on the rise, but recently the trend has stalled. Max Fisher and Amanda Taub, journalists for the New York Times, explore why some democratic countries have backslid, while others never made it.


Why Socrates Hated Democracy

We’re used to thinking hugely well of democracy. But interestingly, one of the wisest people who ever lived, Socrates, had deep suspicions of it. 


Is democracy really the best form of government? | Steven Pinker

Probably the most famous product of the Enlightenment was the American Declaration of Independence and Constitution, a blueprint for a form of governance that tried to get the benefits of government—seeing as how anarchy is worse because you get spirals of vendetta and feuding and violence—You don’t get the coordination of large scale economies without some kind of governance; Trying to get the benefits of governance without the perennial hazard that anyone given a bit of power will aggrandize their power and become despotic. So the checks and balances of American democracy were a way of – I think of it as negotiating a middle route between the violence of anarchy (and anarchy does lead to violence—We were never noble savages that lived in harmony. Regions of the world without government are almost invariably violent) but also avoiding the violence of tyranny. Mainly you give someone power, they’re going to use it to maximize their benefits, their power, their longevity of their reign at the expense of people. Democracy is a way of steering between these extremes, of having a government that exerts just enough violence to prevent people from preying on each other without preying on the people itself. Now in practice no one has ever developed a democracy that works particularly well if judged in absolute terms. Democracies are always messy, they’re always unequal. They always involve lobbying and power grabs. But all the alternatives so far have been worse. Democracies seldom go to war with each other. They have higher standards of living. They have higher levels of happiness. They have higher levels of health. And they’re the obvious preferred destinations for people who vote with their feet. The whole world wants to live in a democracy. It’s an ongoing project. It’s currently under threat from a number of directions, but there’s never been a time in which we’ve had a well-functioning democracy in terms of meeting all the criteria in a high school civics class.


So, What is Democracy Anyway? | Peter Emerson | TEDxVienna

In many instances, a majority vote identifies not the will of the people, not even the will of the majority of them, but the will of those who wrote the question. Most political problems are complex; to reduce them to a win-or-lose binary vote, or even a series of such dichotomies, often turns what should be a discussion into an argument. Preferential voting in contrast can be win-win: indeed, a points system can identify that option which, if not the most popular, is at least the most generally acceptable. Peter Emerson is the director of the de Borda Institute. He has written ten books on voting systems and published several articles on democracy in peer reviewed journals. A vocal critic of the Majority Rule, he has helped design an app for multi-option voting. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.


Can We Digitize the Voting System? Blockchain, Corruption, and Hacking | Brian Behlendorf

Anyone who's walked into a voting booth and scratched their preference onto a piece of paper knows the same thing: the voting process suffers from a dire lack of technology. Humanity put a man on the moon in 1969--why are we still voting on paper? Going digital isn't just a matter of convenience, but one of accountability—citizens the world over are increasingly losing trust in the democratic system, from miscounted votes, to denying eligible people the right to vote at all. So just how much can we digitize the act of voting? Perhaps blockchain—a public ledger technology where information is irreversibly recorded—can build a better system. Here, Internet pioneer Brian Behlendorf considers two aspects where blockchain can help, and one where it absolutely can't. Better tech can end voter discrimination at polling stations, and falsely reported totals at the state and national levels, but will we ever be able to vote on our mobile devices from the comfort of a blanket fort?


US Elections - How do they work?

A guide to the US political system aimed at A Level students, explaining how elections work in the USA.


How Parliament's Elections Work

Watch this short animation to understand how voting works in Parliament of Victoria's elections.


Andrew McAfee, MIT - The Second Machine Age


Artificial Intelligence: it will kill us | Jay Tuck | TEDxHamburgSalon

 US defense expert Jay Tuck was news director of the daily news program ARD-Tagesthemen and combat correspondent for GermanTelevision in two Gulf Wars. He has produced over 500 segments for the network. His investigative reports on security policy, espionage activities and weapons technology appear in leading newspapers, television networks and magazines throughout Europe, including Cicero, Focus, PC-Welt, Playboy, Stern, Welt am Sonntag and ZEITmagazin. He is author of a widely acclaimed book on electronic intelligence activities, “High-Tech Espionage” (St. Martin’s Press), published in fourteen countries. He is Executive Producer for a weekly technology magazine on international television in the Arab world. For his latest book “Evolution without us – Will AI kill us?” he researched at US drone bases, the Pentagon, intelligence agencies and AI research institutions. His lively talks are accompanied by exclusive video and photographs.


AI & The Future of Work | Volker Hirsch | TEDxManchester

The robots are coming. We (as in the people who attend TED talks and things) tend to think we will probably be fine. You know, knowledge folks and all. We might not be. What will be our coping mechanisms? What can we do to be OK?


Future of Skills: Jobs in 2030


What will future jobs look like? | Andrew McAfee

 Economist Andrew McAfee suggests that, yes, probably, droids will take our jobs -- or at least the kinds of jobs we know now. In this far-seeing talk, he thinks through what future jobs might look like, and how to educate coming generations to hold them.


How the future of work is not “Jobs” | Rudy Karsan | TEDxCalgary

 What do you get when you ask the founder of one of the world's most significant HR Firms about the future of work? A completely unintuitive answer that speaks to the revolution in the world of work and a passionate case for an idea whose time has come.


Why Are There Still So Many Jobs? | David Autor | TEDxCambridge

 Despite a century of remarkable labor-saving automation, the fraction of U.S. adults who work at a job has risen almost continuously for the past 125 years. This poses a paradox: our machines increasingly do our work for us: why doesn’t that make our labor redundant and our skills obsolete?


Jobs of the future and how we can prepare for them | Avinash Meetoo | TEDxALC

 Following the current trend of the skills needed for jobs and the automation of different industries, Avinash Meetoo believes robots are the way of the future. He therefore says that the creative arts will thrive because people will have time on their hands and will be able to create things that entertain. In addition to the creative arts, there will be a high demand for jobs that call for computer science. Meetoo advocates for the creation of STEMA – Science, Maths, Engineering, Maths and the Arts, a field that will develop computer scientists who are artistic.


Robots Will Steal Your Job, but That's OK | Federico Pistono | TEDxVienna

 Federico Pistono is an author, social entrepreneur, scientific educator, activist, blogger, and aspiring filmmaker. He is author of the book Robots Will Steal Your Job, But That's OK: How to Survive the Economic Collapse and be Happy, which explores the impact that technological advances have on our lives, what it means to be happy, and provides suggestions on how to avoid a systemic collapse. He is Co-Founder of WiFli, a benefit corporation that seeks to provide universal access to information and knowledge via the Internet, for every person on the planet, focusing on the disenfranchised in emerging economies. He has a Bachelor of Science in Computer Science from the University of Verona, he completed the Machine Learning online course at Stanford, and the Graduate Studies Program at Singularity University, NASA Ames Research Center. Federico is an award winning blogger/journalist and Italian Ambassador of Singularity University (having co-founded Axelera). He started social movements and non-profits focused on human rights, anti-corruption, environmental sustainability, and innovation for positive social change through exponential technologies.


How to Become Relevant when a Robot Takes Your Job | Pablos Holman | TEDxLA

The Future Doesn’t Need You – How to Become Relevant when a Robot Takes Your Job In this talk, Pablos dares you to imagine the possibilities in what once seemed impossible: a harmonious co-existence of humans and robots: Robots taking over your jobs and why they should; how this can trigger fear in humans and why it shouldn’t; redefining happiness; solving world problems like eliminating disease; a personal narrative of parenting that will bring you to your knees; and the responsibility of humans in all of this.


Why incompetent people think they're amazing - David Dunning

 How good are you with money? What about reading people’s emotions? How healthy are you, compared to other people you know? Knowing how our skills stack up against others is useful in many ways. But psychological research suggests that we’re not very good at evaluating ourselves accurately. In fact, we frequently overestimate our own abilities. David Dunning describes the Dunning-Kruger effect.


Tanner | Dangerous Jobs

A 17-year-old boy apprentices his way through one of the hardest, foulest-smelling jobs in the world.


Olympic paddler Mark de Jonge turns to watchmaking

 Olympic paddler Mark de Jonge spends his free time making custom watches, a skill he says trains his mind when he is off the water.


Artisan Furrier Made it to Paris Catwalk

Romanian artisan furrier Constantin Juravle from the Village of Straja took the traditional coats from Bucovina to Paris Catwalk.



Brooklyn's Last Seltzer Men | I Got a Guy | Bon Appetit

A century ago, New Yorkers got their fizzy water from the thousands of seltzer men that delivered to the five boroughs. Alex Gomberg is a fourth generation seltzer man and, as Brooklyn's youngest, he's trying to keep the business alive.



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